The primary requisite for working in the “Occupational Safety Service System” is that it depends on “volunteerism” and “willingness”. For this reason, it is necessary to remove the gap between employers’ and workers’ priorities.
Workers demand that health and safety services are well provided for them and that they complete their employment span without suffering any damage of occupational accidents. Nevertheless, distrustful habits, shortcomings in abstract thinking manners (foreseeing the risks) and indifference are the obstacles in front of the realisation of these demands. Employers are required to execute the duties charged by the relevant laws on the one hand; on the other hand, they need to make workers’ productivity sustained continuously and increasingly. Insofar as our country’s conditions are concerned, inadequacies in the inspection mechanisms for controlling the working conditions and in the provision chain services are the important drawbacks that lead employers to pretend not to see their obligations. Additionally, unwillingness of workers in struggling for these issues, and the deviant behaviours of the employers and people around these workers are deterrent enough to hinder the realisation of these objectives. But still, a recent concept, “Quality”, has been come to the fore and demanded in the last years, and this has led to the formation of a new inspection chain.
At that point, it is crucially important to consider the dimensions of “occupational health and safety”, that is one of the sub-titles of “Quality”, and to put these into practice. This can be achieved only through the transformation of “service” into a “system”. On that ground, “Occupational Safety Service System” provides a way of life.
The system covers these:
- Finding out the risks at a workplace by the specialists during the meetings participated by both employers and workers: These meetings are held after filling out the “risk analysis forms” by means of discussions realised by groups, teams or circles. In this way, the risks are found out not only by the imperative of a specialist who is outside the working circle, but also by the participation of workers into the discussions, that is to say, by the actual ctors of the working circle. In order to realise these, “check-lists” and guidelines are prepared.
- The workers should have their medical examinations done and the working conditions should be measured in order to determine to what extent workers have been badly affected by the specified risks until that time. The measurements on the level of noise and lighting, thermal comfort conditions, gas and smoke level can be enumerated among the environmental ones.
- The ways to eliminate the specified dangers are to be discussed. At that point, rather than using personal protectors, collective measures are aimed at to resolve the problems.
If a need arises about the usage of personal protectors, the lternatives are suggested and guiding services are provided. The “Exhibition House” is a way of obtaining qualitative and appropriate personal protectors. This guidance is considerably significant when one considers the fact that the market for personal protectors -and thus, domestic production- is underdeveloped in our country.
For the educational studies, the ways how the workers (including children) approach the subject are investigated; and it is sought to make them hink from a multi-dimensional perspective, the perspective aiming at “prevention” of the risks. The misunderstandings are put forth for consideration; and the “techniques of smiling discourse” in order to prevent them are developed. In order to put the occupational safety measures into practice, it is necessary to cope with the personal habits, disregarding the application of the precautions, by means of persuasion.
- All these studies are recorded; the developments are noted; most importantly, the feedback system is ensured by the help of the “preliminary test”, “final evaluation test” and “the survey on the evaluation of training environment and instructors”.